History of Edmund Leonard (1825-1900) of Fayette County, PA.
Edmund Leonard (b. 8 June 1825, m. Sarah Hatfield 1 Mar. 1849, d. 12 April 1900), born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, like his father and grandfather before him, was the first of nine children born to William and Mary (Van Ort) Leonard of Somerset township. His wife Sarah (b. 26 Nov. 1826, d. 19 Aug. 1891) was the daughter of William and Elizabeth (Gadd) Hatfield of Redstone township, Fayette County. William Hatfield was variously listed as a farmer, saddler, and construction contractor.Census Summaries for Edmund Leonard
1830 - The US Census of 1830 shows Edmund’s father, William Leonard, living in Somerset township, Washington County, PA. with a wife and three children under the age of five. The 1830 census does not list individual names beyond the head of household, but three children is consistent with the birth dates of Edmund8 (b. 1825) and his two younger brothers Isaac (b. 1827 or 1830) and Daniel (b. 1830).
1840 - The 1840 census shows Edmund’s father in the same location, this time with six children: two below the age of five, one between the ages of five and ten, and three between the ages of ten and fifteen. Again, the names are not listed, but these numbers are consistent with the birth dates of William (b. 1836- under five) and Joseph (b. 1837 – under five), Lydia (b. 1833- between five and ten), and the earlier children Edmund, Isaac, and Daniel.
1850 - The 1850 census is the first to list each individual family member, their age at the time of census, their occupations, and the value of their real estate. By this time, Edmund, now 25, has married and moved just across the Monongahela River near Brownsville, in Fayette County. His name is erroneously spelled “Edmon” in the census, but it clearly shows his wife Sarah and son William H., nine months old at the time of census on August 12th. William would die within a few days. Edmund’s occupation is listed as “saddler”, the same as his father-in-law. He shows no real estate value. [Edmund’s father William and the rest of the family, save for Edmund and Isaac, would move to Delaware County and later Marion County, Ohio in 1854. Siblings who moved to Ohio included Daniel, Lydia, William H., Joseph, Mary Jane (b. 1840), James Herron (b. 1842), and Thomas (b. 1844).]
1860 - The 1860 census finds Edmund (name misspelled “Edmond”) living in Redstone township, Fayette County, with a post office address of “Searights”. At age 35, he now has $500 in real estate and his occupation has changed to “…opper”. (The occupation may be “cropper” as in “sharecropper” or a misspelling of “cooper” or barrel-maker. The handwriting is difficult to read, but final five letters are definitely “…opper”. Several individuals have this occupation in this census. It is different, however, than “farmer”, which is also listed in several places.) Edmund and Sarah now have four children (William H. has died): Elizabeth age 7, Howard age 5, Hickman age 4, and Ewing age two months. [Thomas Searight’s The Old Pike, A History of the National Road, notes that Edmund bought the old Moxley House in Menallen township, Fayette County in 1865. Edmund’s mother, Mary, who had moved to Ohio, died of typhoid in September of 1868. His father re-married Catharine Somerlot in April of 1870.]
1870 - In 1870, neither Edmund nor any member of his immediate family appear anywhere in the US Census of the United States. It’s possible the entire family may have been away from home at the time of census. Edmund and family may have been visiting his father and his new bride when the census was taken in June-July. It’s also possible, though unlikely, that a census taker or transcriber misspelled the name Leonard by adding a different first letter.
1880 - By 1880, Edmund (name spelled “Edmond”), 54, and family are listed Menallen township, Fayette County. “Dwelling House 109” listed in the census is most likely the old Moxley House described in Thomas Searight’s The Old Pike, A History of the National Road. Edmund’s occupation is listed as “farmer” (the 1880 census no longer lists real estate values). Seven of Edmund’s remaining eight children are living at home, Howard Malcolm Leonard having married and moved to Uniontown to work in a flour mill. The remaining children living at home, their ages and occupations (where appropriate) are as follows: Elizabeth, age 26; Hickman, age 23, apprentice machinist; Ewing, age 20, dry goods merchant; William J., age 18, farm laborer; McClelland (incorrect spelling of “McClellan), age 15, farmer laborer; Thomas, age 13; and Jennie, future family historian, age 9. [Edmund’s father, William, died 26 Oct. 1881, in Marion County, Ohio, making James Herron Leonard his executor and naming all nine children in his will.]
1890 - The vast majority of census records for 1890, including those for Fayette County, PA., were destroyed in a fire at the Commerce Department building in Washington, D.C. on 10 Jan. 1921.
1900 – Edmund Leonard died 12 April 1900 at his home, Connellsville St. and Mifflin Avenue, Uniontown, PA., prior to completion of the US Census of 1900. Wife Sarah had passed away nine years earlier, 19 Aug. 1891, at their home in Menallen township. They are buried side by side in the Oak Grove Cemetery west of Uniontown on Highway 40.
Additional Notes on Edmund Leonard
From the Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia of Fayette County, Pennsylvania editorially managed by John M. Gresham, assisted in the compilation by Samuel T. Wiley, A Citizen of the County. Compiled and Published by John M. Gresham & Co., 407-425 Dearborn Street, Chicago, 1889.
EDMUND LEONARD, a farmer of Menallen township, is a son of William
Leonard and Mary Van Ort Leonard, and was born near Bentleyville,
Somerset township, Washington County, Penna, June 8, 1825.
Caleb Leonard, great grandfather, was a native of England and died at 103 years of age. He came from New Jersey to Washington County, where his son Daniel Leonard married Miss Lucretia, a daughter of Dr. Jennings. They reared a family of several children. One of their sons, William Leonard, father of Edmund Leonard, was born in 1803, and was a farmer and a Methodist. His wife was a daughter of Richard Van Ort. They had nine children.
Edmund Leonard was educated in the limited schools of that day. His first business was in saddle and harness making which he followed for fifteen years then relinquished it for his present occupation of farming.
March 1, 1849, he was married to Miss Sarah, daughter of William Hatfield, an associate judge of Fayette County from 1861 to 1865. They have nine children: William H Leonard (dead), Howard M Leonard, born July 13, 1854, carpenter; Hickman W Leonard, born January 22, 1857, at Pittsburgh; Ewing A Leonard, February 10, 1860, Pittsburgh grocer; Mary E Leonard, March 26, 1862; William J Leonard, June 4, 1863, oil driller; George McClard Leonard, August 13, 1864, carpenter; James T Leonard, December 9, 1866; Jennie G Leonard, June 22, 1871.
Edmund Leonard is a pronounced democrat and has held various township offices. He has been a member of Uniontown Baptist church since 1846, and several years ago was elected deacon. He began life as a poor boy, but by prudence and frugality has become a man of some means. He is an earnest man and engages in any enterprise with a determination to win.
From Genealogical and Personal History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Vol II. John W. Jordan & James Hadden, editors. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York, 1912.
Edmund Leonard was born in Somerset township, Washington county, Pennsylvania, in 1825, died in 1900, aged seventy-five years. He was a saddler, and during the days of prosperity on the old "National Pike" followed his trade; later, he became a farmer on the old Hatfield farm in Redstone township, Fayette County; later still he moved to the old "Halfway House," also known as the Motley Farm, and lived there several years. He then came to Uniontown, where he died. He was a man of energy and high standing, an active member, with his wife, of the Redstone Baptist church. He was a Democrat and active in public affairs. He married Sarah , born in 1826 in Redstone township, Fayette county , died in 1891 , daughter of William Hatfield , a construction contractor and a descendant of Matthias Hatfield , who came from Scotland , settling at Elizabethtown, New Jersey , in 1665 (a sketch of the Hatfield family with genealogy of one branch may be found in this work). William Hatfield erected the toll gates on the National Pike between Cumberland, Maryland, and Wheeling, West Virginia; also built a section of the Erie Canal in New York state, but retaining his home in Redstone township, Fayette county, where he was accidentally killed. He served one term as associate judge of Fayette County and was a man of prominence. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Leonard: Elizabeth Howard, Hickman, Ewing, William, McClellan, of whom further; Thomas, Jennie.
From The Old Pike : A History of the National Road, with Incidents, Accidents, and Anecdotes Thereon / by Thomas B. Searight. Originally Published: Uniontown, Pa. by the author, 1894.
Three miles west of Uniontown is an old tavern stand known in late years as the Moxley House. It is a long log and frame building, situate on the south side of the road, with a porch extending along its entire frontage. This house was first kept as a tavern by Bazil Wiggins, an uncle of Harrison Wiggins, the old fox hunter before mentioned, next by John Gray, grandfather of the old and popular conductor from Uniontown to Pittsburg on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and now for many years deceased. Its next occupant, and from 1836 to 1838, was William Cox, a brother-in-law of E.W. Clement, the famous swearer. In 1838 the property was purchased by Thomas Moxley, who went into possession and continued it as a tavern stand down to the year 1863, when Henry Clay Rush bought it and occupied it until the year 1865, when he sold it to Edmund Leonard, its present occupant. When Moxley took charge of this old tavern, he gave it the name of "The Halfway House," for the reason that its location is about midway between Cumberland and Wheeling. It was always a well conducted tavern, and did a large business, mainly in the line of wagon custom.
From the Commercial Gazette (Uniontown, PA.) April 15, 1900:
THE DEATH ROLL
Edmund Leonard, who died last Thursday morning at his home, corner Coolspring and Grant avenues, Uniontown, PA. bore the distinction of being a school companion of the late James G. Blaine, with whom he had spent his boyhood days, and at one time was his assistant as teacher of the public schools at Brownsville, PA. Mr. Leonard was born near Bentleyville, Washington county, PA. June 26, 1825. At the age of eighteen he removed to Washington [sic, Fayette] Co. and soon after became engaged in the saddlery and harness business on the National Pike, near Brownsville, the birthplace of his famous companion. After having established himself in business, he was married to Sarah Hatfield, daughter of the late Hon. William H. Hatfield, judge Fayette Co.
They had a family of seven sons and two daughters, all of whom survive with the exception of one son, William H. Leonard, who died some years ago. At the death of his wife nine years ago, Mr. Leonard relinquished his business interests and removed to Uniontown, PA. to spend the remainder of his life in retirement. At the close of the civil war in 1865, Mr. Leonard became the owner of “Moxley’s Road Stand”, a famous historical country inn, then located on the National Turnpike, to which Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and other eminent gentlemen of those days made frequent visits.
Mr. Leonard was a member of the Uniontown Baptist church. He possessed all the qualifications of a stout, sturdy and strictly conscientious man. The surviving members of his family are: Howard. W. Leonard, Ewing A. Leonard, J. Thomas Leonard, William J. Leonard, Hickman W. Leonard, all of Pittsburgh, PA. and McClellan Leonard, Lizzie Leonard, both of Uniontown, and Mrs. Jennie Hutchinson of Woodville, O. The funeral services will be held at his late home this afternoon.
From the Daily News-Standard (Uniontown, PA.), April 14, 1900:
Edmund Leonard died at his home, corner Connellsville St. and Mifflin Ave, Uniontown, Thursday, April 12, 1900 at 2:30 am. He had been in poor health for some time and his death was due to general debility. He was born June 26th, 1825, and was in his 75th year at the time of his death. He lived many years in Menallen township. His wife, Sarah Hatfield Leonard, died in 1891. They had eight children, six sons and two daughters, viz: Howard M., H>W>< E>A>< W>J>< J.T., M.M., Lizzie and Mrs. H.D. Hutchinson, all of whom are living. Mr. Leonard has five brothers, all living in the west. He was a member of the Baptise church. Funeral at his late residence Saturday afternoon at 2 o’clock; internment in Oak Grove.
Sources for Edmund Leonard
Some Ancestors and Descendants of Avery Leonard of Seneca County, Ohio, Harry S. Blaine, Press of Gordon A Blaine, 1933. Page 18 contains a list of William Leonard and Mary Van Ort’s children, their birth dates, spouses, and wedding dates where available. Copies available through the Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, Ind., among others.
Annals of the Leonard-Hutchinson Families, Jennie Leonard Hutchinson, 1949. Page 44 contains a list of William Leonard and Mary Van Ort’s children, birth, marriage, and death dates where available. Jennie was a daughter of Edmund Leonard, William and Mary’s oldest child. She was also the children’s librarian at the Uniontown (Fayette Co., PA.) Free Public Library founded by her brother McClellan Leonard. Jennie exchanged information with Harry S. Blaine and was duly credited for such in his work. Copies of Annals available through the Uniontown Public Library, Uniontown, PA., among others.
Jennie Leonard Hutchinson Special Collection – Family Notes
Jennie left a collection of letters, photographs, and assorted items to the Uniontown Public Library. Other family members have added notes, transcriptions, and information in the years since her death in 1953. Two pages of hand-written notes, marked as “Informed as of May 1970”, detail additional names, dates, and details of Edmund and Sarah Leonard’s descendants.
US Census Reports of 1830-1900: Washington and Fayette Counties, PA; Delaware and Marion Counties, OH. Available through LDS Family History Centers, National Archives and Records Administration, most libraries, and online at Ancestry.com.
Leonard Family History, Nine Generations Descending from Solomon Leonard and Sarah Chandler Leonard, Granddaughter of James Chilton, Mayflower Pilgrim, G. Allan Vaughan, 1994-2005. Extensive documentation on the Eighth Generation from Solomon, among others. A work still in progress.
Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia of Fayette County, Pennsylvania editorially managed by John M. Gresham, assisted in the compilation by Samuel T. Wiley, A Citizen of the County. Compiled and Published by John M. Gresham & Co., 407-425 Dearborn Street, Chicago, 1889.
Genealogical and Personal History of Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Vol II. John W. Jordan & James Hadden, editors. Lewis Historical Publishing Co., New York, 1912.
The Old Pike: A History of the National Road, with Incidents, Accidents, and Anecdotes Thereon / by Thomas B. Searight. Originally Published: Uniontown, Pa. by the author, 1894.
Probate records of William Leonard’s estate, Marion County, Ohio, 1881.
Daily News-Standard (Uniontown, PA.), April 14, 1900.
Commercial Gazette (Uniontown, PA.) April 15, 1900.
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