History of Isaac Leonard (1830*-1914) of Washington County, PA.
Isaac Leonard (b. 23 June 1830*, m. Amanda Cox 1 Jan. 1852, d. 30 Dec. 1914), born in Washington County, Pennsylvania, like his father and grandfather before him, was the second or third of nine children born to William and Mary Van Ort Leonard of Somerset township. Amanda Cox (b. April 1834, d. 20 Oct. 1902) was the daughter of Andrew and Margaret Cox of West Bethlehem township.
*An enumerator listed Isaac's birth date as June 1830 in the census of 1900. Isaac's gravestone states June 24, 1830, exactly the same as his brother Daniel. There is no mention of twins anywhere in family or written documentation, but there do appear to be twins in succeeding and related generations. Harry S. Blaine's Ancestors and Descendants of Avery Leonard found a birth date of June 23rd, 1827 to be more likely for Isaac, but did not cite a source.
1830 - The US Census of 1830 shows Isaac's father, William Leonard, living in Somerset township, Washington County, PA., with a wife and three children under the age of five. The 1830 census does not list individual names beyond the head of household, but three children is consistent with the birth dates of Edmund8 (b. 1825) and his two younger brothers Isaac (b. 1827 or 1830) and Daniel (b. 1830).
1840 - The 1840 census shows Isaac's father in the same location, this time with six children: two below the age of five, one between the ages of five and ten, and three between the ages of ten and fifteen. Again, the names are not listed, but these numbers are consistent with the birth dates of William (b. 1836 - under five) and Joseph (b. 1837 - under five), Lydia (b. 1833 - between five and ten), and the earlier children Edmund, Isaac, and Daniel.
1850 - The 1850 census is the first to list each individual family member, their age at the time of census, their occupations, and the value of their real estate. Isaac's father William, age 43, is a farmer with $1780 in real estate. Edmund has married and started his own family across the Monongahela River near Brownsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Isaac is no longer listed at his father's residence, nor anywhere else in the US Census reports. Neither, however, is a younger brother, James Herron Leonard. There are several possible explanations. The first is that the person answering the census-taker's questions may have simply lost count of eight children. A second possibility is that with the addition of three more siblings (Mary Jane, b. 1840; James Herron, b. 1842; and Thomas, b. 1844) since the last census, Isaac and James Herron may have moved in with their widowed grandmother Lucretia, who lived in a two-story log cabin near by. The same census shows an aunt, Luzanna, living with the grandmother, but Isaac and James Herron may not have been considered permanent residents in either household. A third possibility is that Isaac (then 23) and James Herron (age 8) may have been visiting or staying with relatives in one of several other cities and still not considered permanent residents. [Isaac's father William and the rest of the family, save for Edmund and Isaac, would move to Delaware County and later Marion County, Ohio in 1854. Siblings who moved to Ohio included Daniel, Lydia, William, Joseph, Mary Jane (b. 1840), James Herron (b. 1842), and Thomas (b. 1844).]
1860 - The 1860 census finds Isaac living in West Bethlehem township, post office Hillsborough, in Washington County, PA. His age is listed as 28, but is more likely 32, and he is married to Amanda with three children. The children's names and ages are: Jackson (later identified as Andrew J), age six; William (later identified as Wm. H.), age four; and Isabel, age three. Isaac listed his occupation as blacksmith and reported $2610 in real estate, plus $650 in personal property. [Isaac's mother, Mary, who had moved to Ohio, died of typhoid in September of 1868. His father re-married Catharine Somerlot in April of 1870.]
1870 - Neither Isaac nor any member of his immediate family appears in the US census of 1870. It's possible that the entire family may have been visiting their father in Ohio at the time of census in June-July of 1870. It's also possible, though unlikely, that a census taker or transcriber misspelled the name Leonard by adding a different first letter.
1880 - In 1880, Isaac, age 48, and Amanda are still in West Bethlehem township and Isaac is a farmer. Andrew J., age 26, is a laborer and William H., age 25, works on his father's farm. Isabel is no longer living at home and has most likely married. There are two wives named Isabel living in Washington County who were born in 1858, both named Isabel Patterson but married to different Patterson men. [Isaac's father, William, died 26 Oct. 1881, in Marion County, Ohio, making James Herron Leonard his executor and naming all nine children in his will.]
1890 - The vast majority of census records for 1890, including those for Washington County, PA., were destroyed in a 1921 fire at the Commerce Department building in Washington, D.C.
1900 - By 1900, Isaac, age 69, and Amanda live alone in West Bethlehem township, Second Precinct, Washington County, PA. The census reports they have been married for 48 years, corresponding with the marriage date of 1 Jan. 1852 reported by Jennie Leonard Hutchinson. Isaac's sons Andrew Jackson Leonard (misidentified in the census as Andrew H.) and William H. Leonard are both married and raising families of their own in West Bethlehem township. (In this census, Isaac listed his birth year and month as June of 1830, the same month as his brother Daniel's confirmed birth date of 24 June 1830. The likelihood of the two being twins seems remote.)
1910 - The 1910 census contains the last known entry for Isaac Leonard, age 80 (more likely 83), and shows him living with son William H. Leonard on Morgantown Road, West Bethlehem township, Washington County, PA.
Additional Notes on Isaac Leonard
Isaac is cited as living in Zollarsville, PA. in his father's probate records of 1881 and in Washington County, PA. in a 1907 biographical sketch of his younger brother James Herron Leonard of LaRue, Ohio. He is buried in Horn Cemetery outside of Zollarsville, his tombstone states birth as June 24th, 1930 and death Dec. 30, 1914.
Sources for Isaac Leonard
Some Ancestors and Descendants of Avery Leonard of Seneca County, Ohio, Harry S. Blaine, Press of Gordon A Blaine, 1933. Page 18 contains a list of William Leonard and Mary Van Ort's children, their birth dates, spouses, and wedding dates where available. Copies available through the Allen County Public Library, Fort Wayne, Ind., among others.
Annals of the Leonard-Hutchinson Families, Jennie Leonard Hutchinson, 1949. Page 44 contains a list of William Leonard and Mary Van Ort's children, birth, marriage, and death dates where available. Jennie was a daughter of Edmund Leonard, William and Mary's oldest child. She was also the children's librarian at the Uniontown (Fayette Co., PA.) Free Public Library founded by her brother McClellan Leonard. Jennie exchanged information with Harry S. Blaine and was duly credited for such in his work. Copies of Annals available through the Uniontown Public Library, Uniontown, PA., among others.
US Census Reports of 1830-1910: Washington County, PA; Delaware and Marion Counties, OH. Available through LDS Family History Centers, National Archives and Records Administration, most libraries, and online at Ancestry.com.
Leonard Family History, Nine Generations Descending from Solomon Leonard and Sarah Chandler Leonard, Granddaughter of James Chilton, Mayflower Pilgrim, G. Allan Vaughan, 1994-2005. Extensive documentation on the Eighth Generation from Solomon, among others. A work still in progress.
Probate Records of William Leonard of Marion County, Ohio, 1881.
The History of Marion County, Ohio, and its Representative Citizens, Edited and Compiled by J. Wilbur Jacoby, A. M. Marion, Ohio, 1907. Biographical sketch of James Herron Leonard, p. 483.
Commemorative Biographical Record of Washington County, PA., J.H. Beers & Co., Chicago, Ill. 1893. P. 155 notes the marriage of daughter Isabelle Leonard to Dr. JA Patterson.
Washington County, PA. Early Marriage Index, compiled by Citizens Library Genealogical Records Group, prepared by The Genealogical Society of Southwestern Pennsylvania, published by Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society, Pittsburgh, PA. Page 118 lists the marriage of Isaac Leonard to Amanda COX.
Orphan's Court Docket H of Washington County, PA. 1856-1860, prepared by the Citizen's Library Genealogical Records Group of Washington County, PA, 1980. P. 178 names Amada COX and Isaac Leonard as survivors of Andrew Cox.
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